East India is a region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and also the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands. West Bengal’s capital Kolkata is the largest city of this region. The Kolkata Metropolitan Area is the country’s third largest. The state of West Bengal share many cultural and linguistic characteristics with Bangladesh. Together with Bangladesh, West Bengal formed the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal before partition in 1947.
The modern state of Odisha was known as Kalinga, Odra desha and Utkala in ancient times. It was ruled by indigenous rulers of the Mahameghavahana dynasty, Eastern Ganga dynasty and Gajapati Dynasty. Odia language is one of Classical Language of India. Odisha’s classical dance Odissi and a classical music Odissi music are also well known in India.
The bulk of the region lies on the east coast of India by the Bay of Bengal, and on the Indo-Gangetic plain. Jharkhand, on the Chhota Nagpur plateau, is a hilly and a heavily forested state rich in mineral wealth. Odisha is also a mineral rich state of India. The region is bounded by the Nepal and Sikkim Himalayas in the north, the states of Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh on the west, the state of Andhra Pradesh in the south and the Bay of Bengal on the east. It is connected to the Seven Sister States of Northeast India by the narrow Siliguri Corridor in the north east of West Bengal.